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The world is beset with extreme conflicting realities. Inhuman slave trade and the scramble for colonies coexisted, while liberal values were sweeping across the Western world. In contemporary times, the Rule of Law coexists with extreme forms of oppressive regimes in the matter of governance. Globalization, which profoundly professes the promotion of a universal global economic order, coexists with highly volatile, fragile and crumbling economic realities such as extreme forms of deprivation and marginalization of the majority.
This textbook endeavours to trace the transition from an aristocratic social order, deeply laced with the concept of hierarchy, to a democratic order based on equality. Invoking equality as the norm for establishing a new legal and political order has not wiped out the traces of hierarchical order in the contemporary world. Events like the French Revolution, the Russian Revolution, Tiananmen Square and Tahrir Square to the silent revolution by Aung San Suu Kyi are testimony to the efforts to lay the labyrinth for equality and usher in an egalitarian world.
The book Comparative Politics: Institutions and Processes is carefully crafted and constructed around the subject areas that unfold the history and evolution of varied kinds of institutional arrangements in the developing, underdeveloped and developed countries and the different political processes associated with governance. A conscious effort has been made to compare and contrast various institutions of governance and political processes associated with them.
Tapan Biswal : Tapan Biswal is Associate Professor, Department of Political Science, School of Open Learning, University of Delhi. He has been teaching undergraduate honours and postgraduate students for over two decades. Dr. Biswal has publications such as Ghana: Political Constitutional Developments, Human Rights, Gender and Environment, and International Relations to his credit.
Nature, Scope and Methods of Comparative Politics
1.Approaches to the Understanding of Comparative Politics
2.The Concept of Nation-State and Theories of the State
3.Contemporary Debates on the Nature of State
4.Comparing Regimes and Forms of State
5.Historical Context of Modern Governments
6.Themes for Comparative Analysis
7.Classification of Political Systems
8.Comparative Party System